About Esfahan

Isfahan Province
Being a province of great antiquity, it is known as an exponent of the Iranian and Islamic art and history. Isfahan province which is located in the entral part of Iran, covers an area of 105263 sq km. It is bounded on the east by Yazd and Khorasan , on the north by Markazi, on the west by Lorestan ,huzistan , Chaharmahal and Kohgiluye ,and on the south by Fars.Consisting of plains as well as mountainous areas , the province has three kinds of climates: dry, semi-dry and semi-humid. But the Larger part of the province enjoys a temperate climate. Lofty snow-cold mountains such as Dena, the Karakses, ShahanKooh and Alvand lie in this province. The largest river in the central
plateau of Iran called Zayandeh Rood,passing through Isfahan province, creates many impressive sighs. There are recreational facilities like rowing and motor boats, and fishing grounds both on Zayandeh Rood where flowing through Isfahan and near the large dam built across the river , 117 km south of the city. In addition to Zayandeh Rood, there are other rivers such as the Marghab, gandoman and Anar Bar rivers, watering the province.Different climates have created an animal life rich in variety. From many years ago the authorities have taken measures to protect the environment. Due to enough water resources,agriculture and animal husbandry are of high importance in this province.
Being one of the most significant industrial centers in Iran , this province contains many large and small industries ,including the heavy industries of ironworks and steelworks. It is rich in natural resources, among which there are mines of coal, iron, zinc and lead.
Imam Square
Mosque of Sheykh Lotfollah
Farsi (Persian) is the language which is predominantly spoken _of course, in some areas the Azerbaijani, Armenian and Hebrew Languages are also spoken.Various historical monuments, for which Isfahan is world famous, are scattered throughout the province, indicating its antiquity. Several of these monuments have been registered by the UNESCO as historical buildings.Isfahan is the capital city of the province, while the following are its other cities: Ardestan, Khansar, Khomeyni-Shahr, Semirom, Faridan, Fereydoon-Shahr,Kashan, Falavarjan, Shah-Reza,Golpayegan, Lanjan, Na'een, Najaf-Abad and Natanz.All these cities are linked with each other and with other provinces by highways or suitable roads. The airport of Isfahan,located to the north-east of the city, with a capacity of 500 flights each day plays an important role in linking Isfahan with the neighboring countries.
Standing 1570 m above the sea level,Isfahan is 414 Km south of Tehran. This world-famous city with many historical buildings, bridges and eye-catching places, is one of the most significant tourist attractions in Iran ,so that almost all tourists visiting Iran go on a visit to Isfahan.Dating back to circa 2500 years ago,Isfahan has been the capital of Iran in three historical periods.

The golden age of Isfahan was in the Safavid era (1501 - 1736).

Chehel Sotoon Palace
Tile work, Altar of Chahar Bagh School
Isfahan's Tourist Attractions
Enjoying ancient monuments with magnificent architecture and eye-pleasing tilework on the one hand, and beautiful handicrafts on the other, Isfahan attracts a large number of tourists interested in the Iranian art and history. The following are among very worthy sights to visit.
Imam Mosque
This mosque is situated to the south of Naqsh-e-Jahan sq. Built in the reign of Shah Abbas, tilework and architecture of this mosque are amazingly superb. Its minarets are 48 meters high.
Ali Qapoo Palace
Situated to the west of Naqsh-e-Jahan sq, this building belongs to the Safavid period. It was used for the reception of the ambassadors and envoys from other countries. àli Qapoo is a six storeyed building with numerous rooms, the plasterwork and paintings of which are extremely impressive.
Chehel Sotoon Palace
This is another building dating back to the Safavid period, builtamidst a vast garden covering an area of 67000 sq m. The building has a veranda with 18 pillars and a large pool in front of it. Being mirrored in the still water of the pool, the pillars create a beautiful view. The wall-paintings in the interior of the building are superlative in their kind.
Si-o-Se Pol Bridge
Being unique in architecture and construction, this bridge has thirty three arches through which the Zayandeh Rood
river passes. It was built in the reign of Shah Abbas.

Chahar Bagh
SchoolThis school was built during the rule of Shah Sultan Hoseyn for theology students.Its beautiful dome is an architectural triumph.
Vank Church
Built in the reigion of Shah Abbas, it is the most famous church in Iran. It contains numerous paintings with religious themes.

On the banks of Zayandeh Rood passing through the city, there are parks of Boostan and Mellat. These verdant parks, in harmony with the ancient bridges of Khajoo and Si-o-Se pol create pleasant views. There are many other sights in Isfahan. The following are some of them displaying extraordinary qualities of art: Kakh-e-Hasht Behesht (the palace of eight paradises),Monar Jonban (the moving minaret),Jame'mosque and the mausoleum of Khajeh Nezam-ol-Molk's.

Si-o-se Pol
Enterance Door of Chahar Bagh School
Mosque and School of Agha Bozorg
Having an eye-catching portal and a dome and two lofty minarets, the architecture of this building is in the original Iranian style.
The altar of Jame mosque Khane-ye-Boroojerdiha
Containing impressive wall paintings,plasterwork, decorations with mirrors and beautiful wind towers above the roofs, this building is an architectural triumph which attracts numerous visitors each day. Ardestan
Lying in the margin of the central desert of Iran, this town is 180 km north -east of Isfahan city. Dating back to the Parthian period it contains famous monuments, such as historical mosques.
Located 3 Km north-west of Isfahan,this town dates back to the Sassanian epoch.Kooh-e-Atashgah and Jame'mosque are among its monuments
This town which dates back to circa 1000 years ago, is situated in a green valley.Being snowy in winter and mild in summer,it enjoys many natural sights. Golestan Kooh, Sar Cheshmeh park and historical monuments like Jame'mosque, Baba Pir and Shahzadeh Ahmad are among places worthy to visit.
This town which is located 80 km south of Isfahan, is of great antiquity. Its ceramics is of high importance, producing articles of best quality. Imamzadeh Shah-Reza and the bazaar are among the sights of this town.
Situated in a mountainous region, 165 Km south of Isfahan,this town has a cold climate. The following are among its interesting places: The waterfall of Semirom, Takht-e-Soleyman and Padena village .
This city which is situated in the margine of the central desert of Iran ,contains several sights and historical monuments attracting many visitors each year. Vestiges found on Seek hills, located 3 km distant from the town, indicate that this area was a home of prehistoric man. The following are brief accounts of a few of sights in Kashan.
Garden of Fin
This garden is located 6 km south of Kashan. The architecture of the garden is in the old Iranian style, due to which it is of great importance among the monuments of the town. The garden in which there are historical buildings and two baths with
pillars made of marble and ceilings decorated with paintings, is a splendid complex.
Phin , Kashan
Mausoleum of Mashhad-e-Ardehal
This monument is situated 42 km west of Kashan. Every year a religious ceremony is taken place there in which thousands of people take part. In addition to the above-mentioned buildings, there are other historical monuments in Kashan among which the mausoleum of Baba Afzal, Jame'mosque, the mausoleum of Shahzadeh Ibrahim, the fire-temple of Neyasar, the old bazaar and the dome of Chehel Dokhtaran are of more importance. Gardens of flowers in a township called Qomsar, the folwers of which are used for extraction of rose-water, are fascinating and attract many people in springs.
Located on the north-western slope of Karkas Mount and 28 km distant from Natanz, Abyaneh enjoys a mild climate. Imamzadeh Yahya, Imamzhdeh Issa and Poorsaleh mosque are among historical monuments of this village. The customs and traditions of the people as well as the buildings in Abyaneh afford a good picture of old Iran. Abyaneh has been registered as a historical village by the UNESCO.
Situated to the north-west of Isfahan,this town is dry and warm in summer and cold in winter. woodwork produced in this town is well-know. It has some historical monuments among which there is Jame'mosque. This mosque, which has a splendid minaret, belongs to the Seljuq dynasty (11th-14th centuries).
It is a district which includes three industrial satellite towns of Zarrin Shahr,Foolad Shahr and Mobarakeh in which there are heavy industries like steelworks, ironworks and cementworks.
Located in the east of Isfahan province,this town has many historical monuments,the most important of which areJame'mosque, Mohammadieh mosque,Alavian mosque and Baba Abdollah mosque, displaying high qualities of art.
Situated in a plain to the west of Isfahan, this town has a temperate climate.Carpet weaving is the main handicraft of the town, part of products of which are exported to other countries.
This town lies to the north of Isfahan.Karkas Mount, one of the highest mountains in the central part of Iran, is in this district. Jame'mosque and the mausoleum of Sheykh Abdollah-e-Natanzi are its important religious monuments.Other sights of Natanz are Abbas Abad Garden and Kalhor cave.

For the preservation of wildlife, there are three protected regions in Isfahan province.
1- Mooteh. Covering an area of 220000 Hectares, this region is situated in the north-west of the province. The authorities have taken measures to preserve antelopes of this region.
2- Ghameshloo. Having an area of 37000 Hectares, this region is abundant in mouflons.
3- Kolah Ghazi. This region covers an area of 48000 Hectares and is abundant in ibexes.

Isfahan is famous for its delicate and beautiful handicrafts, the most important of which are inlaidwork, engravings, woodwork, filigree work, carpets and miniatures.Local sweets, especially gaz (confectionery made from manna) are very
delicious and well-known throughout Iran.

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